1 symptomatic medication
Penicillin potassium (sodium) Mainly inhibit Gram-positive bacteria and Gram-negative cocci. For swine erysipelas, pulmonary disease, malignant edema, peritonitis, mastitis, abscess, respiratory infections, leptospirosis and sepsis and other diseases are effective. Gram-negative bacilli such as E. coli, Salmonella is very weak, Mycobacterium tuberculosis, rickettsia, viruses and other ineffective; drug-resistant Staphylococcus aureus is also invalid; vigorous growth of strong susceptible bacteria; and On the rest or growth and reproduction of bacteria inhibited the less effective. Therefore, to determine the cause and pathogen, only sensitive to penicillin should be used. If the use of 3-5 days has not yet worked, to consider dressing change.
pig dry and wet feeder:
2 interval medication
Penicillins (except for long-acting preparations) have been excreted in livestock and poultry for about 90 to about 90 hours. After 6 hours, the blood concentration has dropped below the minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC). The bacteria by penicillin impact and then grow just 3-4 hours, if the daily injection, the bacteria will have more than 1-2 hours without contact with the drug, which can continue to reproduce, reproduce the bacteria susceptible to drug resistance Sex, so that penicillin can not play the role of its application. Therefore, the use of penicillin antibiotics should be 2-3 times a day.General 3-5 days a course of treatment, the symptoms disappear and then consolidate medication for 1-2 days. Penicillin potassium (sodium) injection bottle 200,000, 800,000, 1,000,000, 1,600,000 units specifications, intramuscular injection of 1 to 15,000 units / kg body weight, 6 to 12 hours once; oil once a day can be.
3 routes of administration
Penicillin sodium (potassium) acid, oral easily damaged by gastric acid and digestive enzymes, only a small amount of absorption, generally less than the blood concentration, it is not suitable for oral administration. Need to be taken orally acid-resistant ampicillin, amoxicillin. Penicillin sodium (potassium) The best route of administration is intramuscular or intravenous infusion (special Note: penicillin potassium can not be intravenous infusion). The ideal vehicle for intravenous administration is saline. For rehydration, it is best to treat the drug first with the appropriate vehicle as a vehicle for rapid delivery, and then continued rehydration. For glucose as a solvent, should use low sugar content of 5 glucose 100-200mL, now with the current use, and within 0.5-1 hours of use is completed. Some diseases, such as trauma (suppurative), cellulitis and rot rot disease, must be combined with topical and systemic administration.
pig feed dispenser :
4 combination therapy
⑴ penicillin and aminoglycosides antibiotics synergistic effects, such as streptomycin, gentamicin; ⑵ penicillin and probenecid, salicylic acid synergies; ⑶ penicillin and bacteriostatic agents such as Tetracycline, macrocyclic lipids have a synergistic effect; ⑷ penicillin in the more neutral solution is more stable, the best use of water for injection or saline dissolved, is now with the current, absolutely not with vitamin C, vitamin B, bicarbonate Sodium, atropine, hydrochloric acid, chlorpromazine, heparin, norepinephrine and other mixed use, so as to avoid turbidity and reduce potency. (5) penicillin potassium (sodium) odorless, in case of acid, alkali, metal ions, oxidants and reducing agents can be inactivated, the aqueous solution is easy to place at room temperature, it can not be tetracycline, sulfonamides compatibility, nor iodine, permanganate Potassium, alcohol, glycerol with the same.